xipho-, xiphi-, xiph-

(Greek: sword)

xiphisternal
The posterior segment, or extremity, of the sternum; sometimes called metasternum, ensiform cartilage, ensiform process, or xiphoid process.
xiphisternum
The posterior and smallest of the three divisions of the sternum, below the gladiolus and the manubrium. Also called xiphoid, xiphoid process.
xiphocostal
Relating to the xiphoid process (the cartilage at the lower end of the sternum) and the ribs.
xiphodynia
Pain of a neuralgic character, in the region of the xiphoid cartilage (connective tissue at the inferior aspect of the sternal body or chest area).
xiphoid
1. Sword-shaped; ensiform (having sharp edges and tapering to a slender point, having a shape suggesting a sword).
2. The pointed process of cartilage, supported by a core of bone, connected with the lower end of the body of the sternum.
xiphoid process
Composed of cartilage at the inferior aspect of the sternal body.

A pointed cartilage attached to the lower end of the breastbone or sternum, the smallest and lowest division of the sternum. Cartilaginous early in life, it may become ossified (bony) in adults. It is sometimes simply called the xiphoid. Also known as the ensiform cartilage or process.

The ancient Greeks thought the xiphoid looked like the tip of a sword. The word xiphoid is from the Greek xiphos, "straight sword" plus eidos, "like" resulting in "straight sword". Ensiform is from the Latin ensis, "sword" plus forma, "shape" equals "sword shape".

xiphoidalgia
Pain of a neuralgic character, in the region of the xiphoid cartilage (the cartilage at the lower end of the sternum); also, xiphodynia.
xiphoiditis
Inflammation of the ensiform or xiphoid cartilage.
xiphopagotomy
The surgical separation of conjoined twins united at the xiphoid.
xiphopagus
Equal conjoined twins united at the brest bone, particularly at the xiphoid process.
xiphophyllous
Having sword-shaped leaves.