voc-, voca-, vocab-, vocat-, -vocation, -vocative, -vocable, vok-, -voke +

(Latin: call, talk, speak, say, voice; word)

Abyssus abyssum invocat.
Translation: "One misstep leads to another."

Literally, "Hell calls hell." A warning that the first step in the temptation to go astray from what is "right" (or "morally correct") is difficult to prevent; however, we must always be on guard to strive for what is ethical and honorable.

ad hanc vocem; a.h.c.
At this word.
advocacy (s) (noun), advocacies (pl)
1. An active verbal support for a cause or political position, etc .
2. The act of advocating, or speaking or writing, in support of something; such as, an idea, a cause, or policy and giving active support.
advocate (AD vuh kayt") (verb), advocates; advocated; advocating
To urge, to suggest, or to exhort in support of someone or something: Karl's friend spent the weekend in court advocating for a former student who had been sleeping in the park.

advocate (s) (AD vuh kit") (noun), advocates (pl)
1. Someone who argues for a cause: Shirley has been a supporter, a defender, and an advocate of civil rights for many years and her husband has also been a tireless advocate of social reform.
2. People who plead in behalf or others or who are intercessors: Tina's parents have been advocates for abused children and spouses in a variety of media and social movements.
3. An individual with legal training who supports or intercedes for other people: The advocate who Josh hired to plead his case in the traffic court was successful and so he didn't have to pay a large fine.
To support or to publicly recommend.
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To speak in favor of a cause.
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advocation (s) (noun), advocations (pl)
1. The action taken by a person who pleads for or in behalf of someone else; the process of being an intercessor.
2. A transaction whereby someone pleads the cause of another person in a court of law.
advocatus diaboli (s) (noun); devil's advocates
Devil's advocate.

This term is generally used to describe someone who takes the unpopular (opposite) side in an argument (either out of contentiousness or out of a zeal for the truth).

This epithet originally applied to the Vatican official charged with finding objections to beatification or canonization; or, in other words, it was his responsibility to argue against the sainthood of a candidate who was being considered.

Since the 16th century, this individual's title has been promotor fidei, "promotor of the faith" as expressed in the Catholic Encyclopedia which clarifies his function as follows: "The seemingly negative work of the promoter of the faith undoubtedly has a great positive value, in as much as it prevents the Church from pronouncing a certain and favorable judgment on the life and works of a person without possessing unquestionable proof."

advowson (s) (noun), advowsons (pl)
1. The right in English ecclesiastical law of a presentation to a vacant benefice, a right exercised by nomination of a clergyman to such church or other benefice (a church office that provides a living for its holder through an endowment [money] attached to it).
2. In English law, a right of presentation to a vacant benefice; or in other words, a right of nominating a person to officiate in a vacant church.

Advowsons are of three kinds:

  • Presentative, when the patron presents his clerk to the bishop of the diocese to be instituted.
  • Collative, when the bishop is the patron, and institutes, or collates his clerk, by a single act.
  • Donative, when a church is founded by the king, and assigned to the patron, without being subject to the ordinary, so that the patron confers the benefice on his clerk, without presentation, institution, or induction.
3. Etymology: from Middle English avouson, from Old French avoeson, from Medieval Latin advocatia, from Latin advocatio, "a summoning", from advocare, "to summon".
agent provocateur (s) (noun); agents provocateurs, agent provocateurs (pl)
1. A person who is employed to encourage people to break the law so they can be arrested and prosecuted: "The government used agents provocateurs to try to undermine the opposition party so they would lose the election."
2. A secret agent implanted in an organization; such as, a trade union or political party, to incite its members to actions or declarations that will result in penalties or punishment.
autovoxiphillia (s) (noun)
The love of one's own voice.
avocation (s) (noun), avocations (pl)
1. A hobby or pastime; not one's normal work.
2. The opposite of one's career or occupation.
3. Etymology: "a calling away from one's occupation", from Latin avocationem, "a calling away"; and Latin avocare, "to call away"; from ad-, "away" plus vocare, "to call".
avouch (verb), avouches; avouched; avouching
1. To declare the provable truth or validity of; to affirm: "The father avouched that his son could not have committed the crime."
2. To corroborate or to confirm; to vouch for: "Was the police officer able to avouch his accusations?"
3. To accept responsibility for (an action, for example); to acknowledge.
4. To avow; to confess.
5. Etymology: from Middle French avochier, "call upon as authority"; from Old French and Latin advocare, "to call to" as a witness.
avouchable (adjective)
That which is capable of being avouched to or verified.
avoucher (s) (noun), avouchers (pl)
1. Someone who makes frank acknowledgment or affirmation of something.
2. Those who declare or assert something with strong declarations.
avouchment (s) (noun), avouchments (pl)
1. Statements asserting the existence or the truth of something.
2. Declarations that are made emphatically; as if no supporting evidence were necessary.
avow (verb), avows; avowed; avowing
1. To admit openly and bluntly: "She avowed that she was innocent of the accusations."
2. To declare or to affirm solemnly and formally as true: "At the end of most wedding ceremonies, the couples make their vows, in which they avow their commitment to each other."
3. To acknowledge openly, boldly, and unashamedly.

To confess, or "to avow guilt" does NOT come from the same Latin source as vow (from Anglo-French and Old French vou) which comes from Latin votum, "a vow, a wish, a promise, a dedication".

Avow comes from Latin, vocare, "to call". From Old French avouer, "acknowledge, accept"; especially, as a protector, from Latin advocare.

Cross references of word families related directly, or indirectly, to: "talk, speak, speech; words, language; tongue, etc.": cit-; clam-; dic-; fa-; -farious; glosso-; glotto-; lalo-; linguo-; locu-; logo-; loqu-; mythico-; -ology; ora-; -phasia; -phemia; phon-; phras-; Quotes: Language,Part 1; Quotes: Language, Part 2; Quotes: Language, Part 3; serm-; tongue.