voc-, voca-, vocab-, vocat-, -vocation, -vocative, -vocable, vok-, -voke +
(Latin: call, talk, speak, say, voice; word)
Literally, "Hell calls hell." A warning that the first step in the temptation to go astray from what is "right" (or "morally correct") is difficult to prevent; however, we must always be on guard to strive for what is ethical and honorable.
2. The act of advocating, or speaking or writing, in support of something; such as, an idea, a cause, or policy and giving active support.
advocate (s) (AD vuh kit") (noun), advocates (pl)
1. Someone who argues for a cause: Shirley has been a supporter, a defender, and an advocate of civil rights for many years and her husband has also been a tireless advocate of social reform.
2. People who plead in behalf or others or who are intercessors: Tina's parents have been advocates for abused children and spouses in a variety of media and social movements.
3. An individual with legal training who supports or intercedes for other people: The advocate who Josh hired to plead his case in the traffic court was successful and so he didn't have to pay a large fine.
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2. A transaction whereby someone pleads the cause of another person in a court of law.
This term is generally used to describe someone who takes the unpopular (opposite) side in an argument (either out of contentiousness or out of a zeal for the truth).
This epithet originally applied to the Vatican official charged with finding objections to beatification or canonization; or, in other words, it was his responsibility to argue against the sainthood of a candidate who was being considered.
Since the 16th century, this individual's title has been promotor fidei, "promotor of the faith" as expressed in the Catholic Encyclopedia which clarifies his function as follows: "The seemingly negative work of the promoter of the faith undoubtedly has a great positive value, in as much as it prevents the Church from pronouncing a certain and favorable judgment on the life and works of a person without possessing unquestionable proof."
2. In English law, a right of presentation to a vacant benefice; or in other words, a right of nominating a person to officiate in a vacant church.
Advowsons are of three kinds:
- Presentative, when the patron presents his clerk to the bishop of the diocese to be instituted.
- Collative, when the bishop is the patron, and institutes, or collates his clerk, by a single act.
- Donative, when a church is founded by the king, and assigned to the patron, without being subject to the ordinary, so that the patron confers the benefice on his clerk, without presentation, institution, or induction.
2. A secret agent implanted in an organization; such as, a trade union or political party, to incite its members to actions or declarations that will result in penalties or punishment.
2. The opposite of one's career or occupation.
3. Etymology: "a calling away from one's occupation", from Latin avocationem, "a calling away"; and Latin avocare, "to call away"; from ad-, "away" plus vocare, "to call".
2. To corroborate or to confirm; to vouch for: "Was the police officer able to avouch his accusations?"
3. To accept responsibility for (an action, for example); to acknowledge.
4. To avow; to confess.
5. Etymology: from Middle French avochier, "call upon as authority"; from Old French and Latin advocare, "to call to" as a witness.
2. Those who declare or assert something with strong declarations.
2. Declarations that are made emphatically; as if no supporting evidence were necessary.
2. To declare or to affirm solemnly and formally as true: "At the end of most wedding ceremonies, the couples make their vows, in which they avow their commitment to each other."
3. To acknowledge openly, boldly, and unashamedly.
To confess, or "to avow guilt" does NOT come from the same Latin source as vow (from Anglo-French and Old French vou) which comes from Latin votum, "a vow, a wish, a promise, a dedication".
Avow comes from Latin, vocare, "to call". From Old French avouer, "acknowledge, accept"; especially, as a protector, from Latin advocare.