tempo-, tempor-, temp-
(Latin: time, occasion)
Don't confuse this tempo- element with other words that refer to the temples; such as, the flattened sides of the forehead or the buildings used for religious worship or services. They simply have no connection with this element.
2. Etymology: from Latin, literally "for the time (being)."
2. Calmness of mind or emotions; composure: Jim never wanted to lose his temper; especially, when he was playing sports.
3. A tendency to become easily angry or irritable: Diane has a quick temper whenever she argues about politics.
4. An outburst of rage: After having a heated argument with his boss, Jack left in a fit of temper.
5. The degree of hardness and elasticity of a metal: The temper of steel is achieved by a special process.
6. Archaic: A middle course of action between extremes: In Ted's family, the mother was the temper between her children and their father when it came to making decisions about cleaning up the house.
7. Etymology: derived from Latin teperare, "to mix in proportion, to combine properly, to moderate"; from tempous, genitive of temparis, "time".
2. To bring to a desired consistency, texture, hardness, or other physical condition by or as if by blending: In order to have the right color for painting his picture, Tim tempered it with some oil to make the consistency and color better.
3. To harden or to strengthen metal or glass by an application of heat or by heating and cooling: In order to make the horseshoes for his customers, the blacksmith at the outdoor museum had to temper the steel in order to hammer it to the correct size.
4. To strengthen through experience or hardship; to toughen: There are soldiers who have been tempered by combat.
5. To adjust finely, to attune: Mark developed a portfolio that is tempered to the investor's needs and desires.
Etymology: from Middle English temprien, tempren, from Old English temprian, "to moderate, to regulate, to mingle", and Old French temprer (French temperer), which both derive from Latin temperare, "to mix in due proportion, to combine properly, to moderate, to regulate", probably from temper-, a variant of tempor- stem of tempus, "time, pertaining to time, a season".
2. Excessive irritability or sensitiveness: Henry was an actor with excessive irritability or temperament because he resented any suggestions from the director.
3. According to medieval physiology, the physical and mental mannerisms or personalities of a person are caused by one of the four humors: In her history class concerning the Middle Ages, Sharon learned about the temperament of people’s behavior being dominated by or issuing from their normal bodily functions in relationship to blood, phlegm, yellow bile and black bile.
4. Etymology: existing since about 1412, "proportioned mixture of elements", from Latin temperamentum, "proper mixture"; from temperare, "to mix".
In medieval theory, it meant a combination of qualities (hot, cold, moist, dry) that determined the nature of an organism; this was extended to a combination of the four humors (sanguine, choleric, phlegmatic, and melancholic) that made up a person's characteristic disposition.
The general sense of "habit of mind, natural disposition" is from 1821; then temperamental, "of or pertaining to temperament" appeared in about 1646; and in the sense of "moody" it is recorded from about 1907.
What people are trying to get at when they use the word temperament is something along the lines of instinct; how someone approaches a situation and particularly how someone approaches a crisis.
2. Excessively sensitive or irritable; moody: Some excellent conductors of orchestras tend to be quite temperamental because they get very excited or highly irritated during a rehearsal before a concert.
3. Likely to perform unpredictably, undependable: Rodney wasn’t sure if he should drive his car since it had a temperamental motor and it might break down on his way back home after the concert.
2. Restraint in the use of or abstinence from alcoholic liquors: At first, temperance in the U.S. encouraged moderation in drinking, but it turned out to be prohibited entirely and finally this constitutional amendment was repealed in 1933.
3. Etymology: from Latin temperare, "to restrain oneself", which has come through into the derivatives temperance and temperate.
2. Conveying forbearance in degree or quantity; restrained: The football coach presented temperate criticism when his players were participating in their games.
3. Characterized by average temperatures in weather or climate; neither hot nor cold: Lewis was very pleased with the temperate summer he was having in his area.
2. Marked by reserve or judiciousness that is imposed upon oneself: Jill’s temperateness or discipline proved to be her asset at work because it resulted in her boss complimenting her quite often.
2. Denoting the coldness or heat regarding excitement: After the political survey was completed, the temperature of the feelings of the opposing politicians in connection with the next election was very obvious.
2. Relating to something that is made hard or flexible by using heat: In order to have his house as secure as possible, Mike Smith wanted to have tempered glass windows, which was supposed to be nonbreakable, and a heavy security door installed.