surg-, sur-

(Latin: to raise, to erect; to rise)

assurgent (adjective)
Ascending; rising obliquely; curving or extending upward.
counterinsurgency (s) (noun), counterinsurgencies (pl)
1. A political and even a military strategy or action that is intended to oppose and to forcefully suppress an insurgency or revolt or rebellion.
2. Military and political activities undertaken by a government to defeat a rebellion or a guerrilla movement.
counterinsurgent (adjective)
A descriptive term that modifies a government or military effort or strategy: "The official said that a counterinsurgent effort against extremism must be maintained."
counterinsurgent (s) (noun), counterinsurgents (pl)
A person combating an insurgency in rebellion.
insurgence (s) (noun), insurgences (pl)
The action or an instance of rebellion; or an insurrection, revolt, anarchy, or an organized rebellion aimed at overthrowing an existing government with the use of subversion and armed conflict.
insurgency (s) (noun), insurgencies (pl)
1. A condition of revolt against a recognized government that does not reach the proportions of an organized revolutionary government.
2. An organized rebellion aimed at overthrowing a constituted government through the use of subversion and armed conflict.

An insurgency, or insurrection, is an armed uprising, or revolt against an established civil or political authority.

People who are involved with an insurgency are called "insurgents", and they usually engage in regular or guerrilla combat against the armed forces of the established government, or conduct sabotage and harassment in the country with the purpose of undermining the government's leadership position.

An insurgency is not considered to be the same as a resistance both in its political overtones and in the nature of the conflict. An insurgency refers to an internal struggle against a standing, established government; however, a resistance indicates a struggle against invading or occupying foreign forces and their collaborators.

insurgent (adjective) (not comparable)
A reference to revolts against a recognized government that do not reach the degrees of an organized revolutionary government: The insurgent uprising and attacks made by the rebels caused innumerable families to leave the area completely.
Descriptive of an opposition to a government authority.
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insurgent (s) (noun), insurgents (pl)
A person or a group that rises in revolt against the leadership, a political party, or an established government or authority.
insurrection (s) (noun), insurrections (pl)
1. An organized opposition or rebellion against authority: One kind of insurrection is a mutiny on a ship when the crew revolts against the captain.
2. A rebellion against the government or rulers of a country that often involves armed conflict: The Boston Tea Party, which was a political uprising against the rule of England, is certainly an excellent example of an insurrection which took place in Boston, Massachusetts in 1773.
insurrectionary (s) (noun), insurrectionaries (pl)
1. A person who takes part in an insurrection; a rebel; an insurgent who revolts against a civil authority or a constituted government.
2. Pertaining to, or referring to the nature of an insurrection.
insurrectionist (s) (noun), insurrectionists (pl)
An individual who provokes or takes part in an armed revolution against an established government; especially, in the hope of improving the political situation: In the United States, Nat Turner, who was an insurrectionist in 1831, was  the head of a rebellion of slaves in Virginia and he was later found and executed.
military surge (s) (noun), military surges (pl)
A strong swelling, increase, or rush of members of the armed forces into a specified area: "Pakistani military leaders believe that the current military surge will be the last push before the U.S. begins a face-saving troop drawdown."
pyroclastic ground surge (s), (noun), pyroclastic ground surges (pl)
The comparatively thin layer of rock of varying thickness found around a volcanic vent.
resurge (verb), resurges; resurged; resurging
1. To rise or to grow strong again; to experience a resurgence.
2. To sweep forward or back to life in a powerful way.
resurgence (s) (noun), resurgences (pl)
Rising or tending to rise again; reviving; renascent.

This unit is directly related to the regi-, reg-, rec- family of word units.