articul-, artic- +

(Latin: joint, divide into joints, segment into joints; speak distinctly)

abarticular (ab" ar TIK yoo luhr) (adjective) (not comparable)
1. Not affecting a joint: The skull bones are immovable and so they are considered to be abarticular joints because they do not require tendons, ligaments, or synovial fluids for movements.
2. Remote or away from where two bones come together: There are abarticular sections of the body that are not connected with nor situated near the joints of the body.
abarticulation (ab ar tik” yoo LAY shuhn) (s) (noun), abarticulations (pl); dearticulation (s), dearticulations (pl)
In anatomy, the dislocation of a joint in the body: Abarticulation is a medical term which is sometimes used as a reference to diarthrosis (ability of some joints of the body to move in several directions), and also for synarthrosis (rigid joint formed by the union of two bones and connected by fibrous tissue).

Krista suffered an abarticulation of her knee when she fell while skateboarding.

article (s), articles (pl) (nouns)
1. An individual thing or element of a class; a particular object or item; such as, an article of clothing; articles of food.
2. Particular sections or items of a series in a written document; such as, in a contract, constitution, or treaty.
3. A nonfictional literary composition that forms an independent part of a publication; such as, of a newspaper or magazine.
4. In grammar, the part of speech used to indicate nouns and to specify their application; any of the words belonging to this part of speech. In English, the indefinite articles are "a" and "an"; and the definite article is "the".

Their force is generally to impart specificity to the noun or to single out the referent from the class named by the noun.

5. A particular part or subject; a specific matter or point.
6. Etymology: from about 1230, "separate parts of anything written", from Old French article, from Latin articulus, diminutive of artus "a joint".

The meaning was extended to "a small division", then generalized to "an item, a thing". Older senses were preserved in Articles of War or "military regulations" (1716) and Articles of Confederation (U.S. history).

The meaning of "literary composition in a journal, etc." (independent, but part of a larger work) was first recorded in 1712. The meaning of "pieces of property" (clothing, etc.) was first recorded in 1796.

articular
Of or relating to a joint or joints; such as, the articular surfaces of bones.
articulary
Relating to or affecting the joints of the body.
articulate (ar TIK yuh lit) (adjective), more articulate, most articulate
A reference to speaking clearly, both in pronunciation and how a person presents his or her ideas: The senator had definite opinions, but sometimes he was unable to express them in an articulate manner.

The lawyer's articulate defense of his client was an essential element in securing her release from prison.

Able to speak clearly and well.
© ALL rights are reserved.

Go to this Word A Day Revisited Index
so you can see more of Mickey Bach's cartoons.

articulate, articulates; articulated; articulating (ar tik" yuh LAYT) (verbs)
1. To express thoughts, ideas, or feelings coherently: "He was unable to articulate his grief regarding his wife's death."
2. To pronounce something or to speak, or to utter, intelligible speech clearly.
3. Able to express thoughts, ideas, or feelings coherently.
4. To form the kind of joint or connection that allows movement.
5. With joints or jointed segments that allow for motion, as in the bodies of higher vertebrates and arthropods: "The joints articulate, by uniting or connecting in order to allow movements of the hands, fingers, arms, toes, legs, etc."
articulation
1. The act of vocal expression; utterance or enunciation: "She expressed an articulation of the group's sentiments."
2. The act or manner of producing a speech sound, especially a consonant.
3. A jointing together or being jointed together and the method or manner of jointing.
4. In anatomy, a fixed or movable joint between bones, or a movable joint between inflexible parts of the body of an animal, as the divisions of an appendage in arthropods.
5. In botany, a joint between two separable parts, as a leaf and a stem or a node or a space on a stem between two nodes.
6. Etymology: from about 1541, "the action of bending the joints", from Old French articulation, from Middle Latin articulationem, articulatio, from articulatus, the past particple of articulare, "to separate (meat) into joints"; also "to utter distinctly", from articulus, diminutive of artus, "joint". Articulate, as a verb, in the sense of "divide (vocal sounds) into distinct and significant parts" is first recorded in 1594; then it was generalized into the sense of "express in words" from about 1691.
articulator
1. In anatomy, a device for effecting a joint-like union.
2. A person or thing that articulates.
3. A movable organ; such as, the tongue, lips, or uvula; the action of which is involved in the production of speech sounds.
4. A part of the vocal organs that helps form speech sounds. Active articulators include the pharynx, soft palate, lips, and tongue, while the passive articulators include the upper teeth, the alveolar ridge, and the hard palate.
5. In dentistry, a mechanical device, representing the jaws, to which casts may be attached which is used in the making of dentures.
articulatory
1. Pertaining, or relating, to utterance or expression.
2. The action or manner of jointing or interrelating.
biarticulate
Having, or consisting of, two joints; such as the antennae of certain insects.
coarticulation
The union or articulation of bones to form a joint.
dearticulate
To disjoint.
disarticulate, disarticulates, disarticulating
1. To separate at the joints; to disjoint.
2. To make or to become disjointed, as the bones of a body or stems of a plant.
disarticulation, exarticulation
The amputation of a limb through a joint, without cutting the bone.