stauro-, staur- +

(Greek: upright stake; hence, "rood, cross"; cross-shaped, crosslike, crossed)

Rood comes from Old English and means, "rod, pole; measure of land; cross".

stauractine
Ractinal spicule with all four rays in a single plane.

A spicule is a small pointed structure serving as a skeletal element in various marine and freshwater invertebrates; such as, sponges and corals.

Staurikosaurids
A “cross lizard” from Late Triassic. Named for the Southern Cross star group, best seen in the Southern Hemisphere. The only genus yet described lived in Brazil and Argentina, South America. It was named by Edwin Harris Colbert (born 1905) in 1970.
Staurikosaurus
A “cross (southern cross) lizard” from Middle or Late Triassic Santa Maria, southern Brazil. It was named for the constellation of the Southern Cross, which marks the Southen Hemisphere, including Brazil. Named by Colbert in 1970.
staurion
In medicine, a craniometric point at the intersection of the median and transverse palatine sutures.
staurogamy
In biology, cross fertilization or the union of male and female gametes from different individuals of the same species.
staurolatrian
One who worships the cross.
staurolatry
The worship of the cross or of the figure of Christ on the cross. Historically it is not a complimentary term. This was a post-Reformation (Protestant) term of reproach mingled with contempt that was applied to the Roman Catholic veneration of the crucifix.
staurolite, staurolitic
Literally, "cross-stone"; a reddish-brown or black mineral of iron and magnesium that occurs as prismatic crystals in metamorphic rocks, often in a cross shape. It is used as a gemstone that often forms twin crystals in the shape of a cross. The term metamorphism refers to a change in the physical structure of rock that results from long-term heat and pressure; especially a change that increases the rock's hardness and crystalline structure.
staurology
A science or doctrine of the cross (crucifix).
stauromania
An abnormal veneration of the crucifix (cross) and for what it represents.
stauropegion, stauropegial
In the Eastern Church, a reference to a church or monastery directly subject to the patriarch rather than to the bishop of the diocese; so named because in each there was a cross sent by the patriarch that was erected as a sign.
staurophobia
An abnormal fear, dread, or hatred, of the crucifix and what it represents; or of crucifixes in general.
staurophyll
A leaf having palisade [arrangement of apposed stake-like elongated cellular structures] or other compact tissue.
stauroscope
An optical instrument used in determining the position of the planes of light-vibration in sections of crystals.
staurosore
A cross-shaped or a triquetrous [three-cornered] spore.