sed-, sedat-, -sid, -sess

(Latin: sit, sitting)

assess (verb), assesses; assessed; assessing
1. To set an estimated value on property, etc. for taxation; to estimate, to appraise, to value: The local tax office decided to assess the new houses.
2. To estimate or determine the significance, importance, or value of; to evaluate; levy a charge on, tax: The club assessed each member $100 to rebuild the clubhouse.
3. To judge, evaluate, appraise, look over: The general assessed the situation and called for reinforcements.
4. To calculate a value based on various factors: Harry said the insurance adjusters already assessed the damage done to his house by the storm.
5. To fix or determine the amount of (damages, a tax, a fine, etc.): The hurricane damage was assessed at billions of dollars.
6. To estimate or to judge the value, character, etc., of; to evaluate: Mark tried to assess the results of the efforts to improve the condition of the yard after the heavy rain.

The military officers were assessing the battle reports so they could decide what to do next.

7. Etymology: "to fix the amount" (of a tax, fine, etc.), from Anglo-French assesser, from Middle Latin assessare "to fix a tax upon", originally from Latin assidere, "to sit beside"; from ad-, "to" + sedere, "to sit".

There are no continental-scale monitoring programs for assessing wildlife fatalities at wind turbines, so the number of bats killed across the entire United States is difficult to assess.

—Quoted from "Economic Importance of Bats in Agriculture"
by Justin G. Boyles, et al. in Science; April 1, 2011; page 41.
assessable (adjective), more assessable, most assessable
Capable of being considered carefully or determined: The costs for repairing the damage done by the storm was only assessable after the insurance company had been on the site to examine the building.
assessment (s) (noun), assessments (pl)
1. A judgment about something based on an understanding of the situation; such as, they made a fair assessment of the work which was completed.
2. A calculation of the value of something, made especially for tax or insurance purposes.
3. An amount determined; for example, on property.
4. A method of evaluating student performance and attainment.
assessorial (noun), more assessorial, most assessorial
Pertaining to, or referring to, an official who evaluates property for taxation or who assists a judge about some special legal issue.
assiduity (s) (noun), assiduities (pl)
1. Great care and attention in doing something.
2. Persistent application or diligence; unflagging effort.
3. Constant personal attention and often obsequious solicitude.
assiduous (adjective), more assiduous, most assiduous
1. Constant in application or attention; unremitting diligent: Shirley was an assiduous worker who strived for perfection.
2. Unceasing; persistent: Max was always doing assiduous research for his biology project.
3. Constant in application or effort; working diligently at a task; persevering; industrious; attentive: Bob was an assiduous student in high school and that's why he graduated as an honor student.
4. Etymology: From Latin assiduus, "busy, incessant, continual, constant" from assidere, "to sit down to"; therefore, "constantly occupied" at one's work.
Constant attention or diligence.
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Persistent application.
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Devoted attention.
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assiduously (adverb), more assiduously, most assiduously
1. With care and persistence.
2. Characterized by being determined in one's efforts..
assiduousness (s) (noun) (no plural)
Being constantly devoted or tenaciously and obstinately continuing with something despite problems or difficulties.
assize (s) (noun), assizes (pl)
1. A judicial inquest, or the verdict of the jurors involved.
2. An ordinance regulating weights and measures and the weights and prices of articles of consumption.
3. Periodic judicial proceedings held until 1971 in the counties of England and Wales and presided over by itinerant judges.

They were replaced by the Crown Courts.

4. Etymology: from Old French asise, "session", from asseoir, "to cause to sit"; from Latin assidere, "to sit beside" (and thus to assist in the office of a judge), from ad-, "to" + sedere, "to sit.".
dispossess (verb), dispossesses; dispossessed; dispossessing
To force a person, or people, to give up the ownership of a house, land, or other property: The new dictator of the country dispossessed many people of their land and homes.
dispossession (s) (noun), dispossessions (pl)
1. The expulsion of someone; such as, a tenant from the ownership of land or other property by the process of law: The couple was deprived of their home because they failed to pay their taxes over a period of five years.
2. Etymology: from Old French despossesser, "to dispossess", from des-, "dis-, lack of, not" + possesser, "possess" which stands forpots-sidere, literally "to sit as a master".

The first element is a contraction of potis, "able, mighty, powerful"; while the second element is related to sedere, "to sit" and sidere, "to sit down".

dissidence (s) (noun) (no plural)
An opposition to an authority or a disagreement with a prevailing opinion or belief; whether in a group, a family, a larger public or government organization, etc.: Broadly defined, dissidence is the belief of people who actively oppose an established political policy, organization, or structure.
Discord, or disagreement in opinion.
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dissident (s) (noun), dissidents (pl)
1. Someone who does not agree with some established policy: A dissident is often against authoritarian regimes or some established constitutional order which he or she does not agree with.

In totalitarian regimes, dissidents are often punished with lengthy prison terms, execution, economic deprivation, or confiscation of their property.

2. A person who is characterized by departing from accepted beliefs or standards: Political dissidents primarily use non-violent means of political disagreement, including voicing criticism of the government or a dominating ideology; but dissidents can also attempt to displace or overthrow the established government by achieving popular support and inciting a revolution or a rebellion.
3. Etymology: From Latin dissidentem and dissidere, "to be remote, to disagree, to be removed from"; "to sit apart"; derived from dis-, "apart" + sedere, "to sit".
Not agreeing, often differing violently with an established political or religious system or belief.
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Not agreeing with or conforming to the established rules of a company.
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dissidently (adverb), more dissidently, most dissidently
1. A reference to or characterized by someone who departs from accepted beliefs or standards.
3. Relating to anyone who disagrees; especially, with a majority.
insidious (adjective), more insidious, most insidious
1. Relating to an intension to entrap, to beguile, or to allure someone into a treacherous situation: Henry's cousin has an insidious plan to steal a woman's purse after she leaves the bank.
2. Stealthily treacherous or deceitful: The military commander told his staff that they are fighting an insidious enemy.
3. A reference to something that proceeds in an inconspicuous, subtle, stealthy, or seemingly harmless way, but which actually has a serious negative effect: Jim had an insidious disease which existed for some time, but even his physician was not aware of what was causing it.

Sometimes people have an insidious ailment, but they have no idea that they are infected.

4. Etymology: From Latin insidiosus, "deceitful", from insidae (plural) "plot, snare, ambush", from insidere, "to sit on, to occupy" from in-, "in" + sedere "to sit".
Crafty while operating secretly to deceive someone.
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Treachery performed in a sly way.
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