peti-, pet-, -pit-
(Latin: to aim at, aim for, go toward; to seek, seek out, ask, request; strive after)
These words are traditionally used to open papal bulls.
2. A natural or instinctive inclination to do something.
3. In chemistry, an attraction or an affinity.
2. An instinctive inclination or propensity in animals to perform certain actions: There are appetencies of creatures; for example, in the young to suck, in aquatic fowls to enter into water and to swim, and the tendency of an organism to seek what satisfies its food cravings.
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2. A strong desire or craving for food.
3. A strong wish or urge; such as, having an appetite for learning vocabulary.
4. A feeling of being very interested in something or of wanting it very much.
5. Etymology: "craving for food", from Anglo-French appetit; Old French apetit, from Latin appetitus, "appetite"; literally, "a desire toward"; from appetitus, past participle of appetere, "to long for, to desire"; from ad-, "to" + petere, "to go to, to seek out".
See nappetite on page three of this unit for a related word.
2. A sample of something that is meant to stimulate an interest.
3. Mainly in the U.S., the first part of a meal: "The menu showed what the average cost of a full three-course meal would be; including an appetizer, the main course, and the dessert."
2. To be able to do as well as or better than others.
3. To contend (against) for profit, an award, athletic supremacy, etc.
4. Etymology: from Middle French compéter, "to be in rivalry with"; or directly from Late Latin competere, "to strive in common"; in classical Latin, "to come together, to agree, to be qualified"; later, "to strive together" from com-, "together" + petere, "to strive, to seek, to fall upon, to rush at, to attack".
When runners compete for a prize, they seek it together.
2. The state or quality of being adequately or well qualified; having the ability to achieve tasks or assignments successfully.
3. A specific range of skill, knowledge, or ability.
In the United Kingdom, fitness to plead is the corresponding expression for this term.
2. Adequate for a purpose or having enough skill or ability to do something well, but often not considered outstanding.
3. Having suitable or sufficient skill, knowledge, experience, etc., for some purpose; properly qualified.
4. In law, legally qualified or fit to perform an act or to do something; such as, he was judged competent to stand trial.
5. Etymology: "suitable", from Old French competent, "sufficient, appropriate, suitable"; from Latin competentem, competens; from competere, "to coincide, to agree".
2. Characterized by doing something in a competent manner, with adequate skill, or with sufficient knowledge, ability, or qualifications.