acerb-, acerbo-; acri-, acrid-

(Latin: bitter, sharp, sour, stinging)

Formed from a blend of Latin acer- (feminine acris, neuter acre) which are both related to Latin acus, "needle"; acies, "sharp edge, point, the front of an army, line of battle, battle array"; and acuere, "to sharpen".

acerbate (verb), acerbates; acerbated; acerbating
1. To make sour or bitter: Harry's wife acerbated the salad dressing with strong vinegar.
2. To irritate, vex, or annoy: Sam was acerbating his wife when he complained about the excessive sourness of the salad dressing.
3. Expressing harsh or sharp criticism in a clever way: Some news critics were acerbating the so-called comic's TV show.
To sour or to embitter.
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To irritate or to upset someone.
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acerbic (adjective), more acerbic, most acerbic
1. Having a bitter or sour taste: The wine had an acerbic taste and Andre thought it wasn't good to drink.
2. Sharp or bitter in temper, mood, or expression: Lorna's acerbic personality had a negative effect on many people; however, her poetry was lovely.
Sour or acid to the taste or temper.
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acerbity (s), acerbities (pl) (nouns)
1. Sourness of taste, with bitterness and astringency, as of unripe fruit.
2. Harshness, bitterness, or severity: "She had a reputation for expressing her temperamental acerbities in language which was very bitter and disturbing for those to whom she directed such acerbities."
acerbophobia (s) (noun), acerbophobias (pl)
An extreme anxiety about consuming sour or bitter tasting foods or liquids: Acerbophobias often lead to the avoidance of eating anything that is even slightly unsavory or distasteful.
acerophobia (s) (noun), acerophobias (pl)
Another term indicating an abnormal nervousness about having any sharp tasting edibles or liquids: Acerophobias cause people to reject what some of them consider to be rancid foods or drinks.
acerose
Sharp pointed and slender, as a pine needle.
acidiferous
Producing or yielding an acid.
acidulous (adjective), more acidulous, most acidulous
1. Slightly sour, sourish, sub-acid; somewhat acidic: The salad chef created a tangy, acidulous dressing for the salad.
2. Cutting and sharp in speech or tone; harsh: Based on Cory's acidulous remarks, there were those who suspected that she was angry with the person she was referring to.
3. Etymology: from Latin acidus, "sour".
Sour in feeling or manner; biting, caustic.
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acrid (adjective), more acrid, most acrid
1. Descriptive of being sharp, bitter, or stinging to the mouth, taste, smell, eyes, skin, and the nose: Thick, acrid smoke was being expelled from the factory's chimney.
2. A reference to being irritating in behavior or sarcastic in speech, writing, etc.: When Jim was asked why he failed to arrive for the business meeting on time, he replied with an acrid remark about a policeman who gave him a ticket for speeding.
Sharp or bitter in taste or smell; sarcastic speaking.
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Stinging to the taste or smell.
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acridian
acridine
A dye, dye intermediate, and antiseptic precursor derived from coal tar and irritating to the skin and to the mucous membranes.
acridity
acridly
acridness
acrimonious (adjective), more acrimonious, most acrimonious
Bitter, harsh, and caustic in temper, manner, or speech: "Mr. Jones, who was normally courteous and mild mannered, gave his political opponent at the debate an acrimonious response to the accusation that was made."
Bitter in speech or comments.
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Cross references of word families that are related directly, or indirectly, to: "sour, sharp": aceto-; acid-; acies- (not "sour"); acuto- (not "sour"); oxy-; pung- (not "sour").