junct-, jug-, join-

(Latin: link, unite, yoke; bring together, meet, merge, engage in; combine)

heterojunction
In electronics, a junction between two dissimilar semiconductor materials having different energy gaps between their valence and conduction bands.
idle speed adjustment
The alteration of the engine idle speed of a vehicle or other motor-driven machine.
injunction
1. A judicial remedy issued in order to prohibit a party from doing or continuing to do a certain activity.
2. Someone who is involved in a legal action to do something or refrain from doing something.
3. A command or order; especially, from someone who is in a position of authority.
4. Etymology: from Late Latin injunctionem, injunctio, "a command"; from Latin injunctus, the past participle form of injungere, "to impose, to attach to"; from in-, "on" + jungere "to join, to unite".
interphalangeal joint
Any of the joints between the phalanges of the fingers or toes.
join (verb), joins; joined; joining
1. The shape or manner in which things come together and a connection is made.
2. Become part of something; such as, to become a member of a group or an organization.
3. To meet, or make two or more things meet, and become linked or united.
4. To put or to fix two or more things together: "Make sure you join the foot to the paper body with glue."
5. To establish a connection between two or more things; such as, by drawing a line between them: "He had to join the dots so he could see the results."
6. To become a member of something; such as, a club, a social group, a company, a team, or other organization.
7. To bring two or more people into a partnership; such as, a marriage.
8. Etymology: from Old French joindre, from Latin jungere, "to join, to yoke, to unite".
joinder
1. A joining or bringing together of two things.
2. A joining of two legal parties in a single lawsuit.
3. A combining of legal proceedings by joining two causes of action or two defenses in a single lawsuit.
4. The formal acceptance of an issue offered in a lawsuit.
5. The joining of two or more people as co-plaintiffs or co-defendants; a joinder of parties.
joiner
1. A woodworker or a carpenter; especially, a cabinetmaker whose job involves making things by joining pieces of wood together.
2. A person trained and skilled in making finished woodwork; such as, windows, doors, and stairs; primarily a British definition.
3. A person who likes to join groups, organizations, or various causes; possibly more on the internet than at any other location.
joinery
1. The art or craft of a joiner, or the techniques that a joiner uses; cabinetmaking.
2. Work done by a joiner; fine woodwork.
3. The visible finished woodwork in a building; such as, door frames and window frames.
joint, joints (miscellaneous terms)
1. A part of the body where bones are connected; such as, the knee, the elbow, or the skull.

Many joints have supporting ligaments, protective cartilage, and a particular range of movement, while others; such as, those between the bones of the vault of the skull are immobile.
2. The place at which two things, or separate parts of one thing, are joined or united, either rigidly or in such a way as to permit motion; a juncture.
3. Done or produced together with others; such as, a joint investment.
4. To plane and to shape the edge of a board so that it fits with another edge to form a joint.
5. Any of the points of connection between movable segments of the body in an insect, spider, crab, or other invertebrate.
6. The part of a plant stem on which a leaf or branch grows.
7. A crack or fissure in a rock, without any looseness or displacement of the surrounding area.
8. Either of the creases between the spine and the front and back covers of a book; especially. a hardback.
9. A place where parts or pieces of something are joined together.
10. A large piece of meat which is prepared and cooked for several people; especially, that which is roasted.
11. A place of entertainment; such as, a nightclub, especially one considered cheap or disreputable.
12. A slang term for a prison or similar penal institution: "He spent the last two years in the joint."
13. A slang description of a cigarette containing marijuana: "He was caught smoking a joint as he was walking down the street."

joint, joints (medical applications)
1. An articulation or the point of connection between two bones or elements of a skeleton; especially, if the articulation allows motion.

An area where two bones are attached for the purpose of the movements of certain body parts and such a joint is usually formed with fibrous connective tissue and cartilage.

2. The point, or points, of a juncture between two bones which are classified according to either their construction or based on the degree of movements which they allow.

It is classified as being immovable (synarthrosis), slightly movable (amphiarthrosis), or freely movable (diarthrosis).

  • Synarthrosis is a joint in which the two bones are separated only by an intervening membrane; such as, the cranial sutures.
  • Amphiarthrosis is a joint that has a fibrocartilaginous disk between the bony surfaces (symphysis); such as, the symphysis pubis; or one with a ligament uniting the two bones (syndesmosis); such as, the tibiofibular articulation.
  • Diarthrosis is a joint in which the adjoining bone ends are covered with a thin cartilaginous sheet and joined by a ligament lined by a synovial membrane, which secretes a lubricant.

Joints are also grouped according to motion:

  • Ball and socket (enarthrosis, a joint in which the rounded head of one bone is received into a socket, or rounded cavity, in another bone that allows motion in any direction).
  • Hinge (ginglymus, a hinge joint which is an articulation, allowing flexion and extension, or motion in just two directions like a door hinge; for example, the elbows and the ankles).
  • Condyloid (a reference to a round bump, or articular surface, on a bone where it forms a joint with another bone).
  • Pivot (trochoid, that which is capable of rotating aroung a central axis; resembling or functioning in the body like a pivot or pulley).
  • Gliding joint (arthrodia, where the joint surfaces are flat and only allow a gliding motion; such as, some wrist and ankle articulations).
  • Saddle joint (two saddle-shaped joints at right angles to each other or they permit movements of all kinds except for rotations).
jointer
1. Any tool used to prepare, to make, or to simulate joints; such as, a plane for smoothing wood surfaces prior to joining them, or a hand tool for inscribing grooves in fresh cement.
2. A woodworking machine for straight planing (milling and jointing) of workpieces along faces or edges.
jointly
1. Doing something in conjunction with, or in cooperation with, a person or organization.
2. A project which is done in collaboration, cooperation, or partnership by two or more people or organizations together.
jointure
1. An arrangement made at the time of their marriage by which a man sets aside property, or an estate, to be used for the support of his wife to take effect in the event of his death.
2. The act of making or becoming a single unit.
jugular furrow
The groove on each side of the neck in which the jugular vein can be located and it lies dorsal (near the back) of the trachea (windpipe at the back of the throat).
jugular inlet
The depression at the base of the neck where the jugular vein passes medial to the first rib.

Examination of the inlet is valuable because it is possible to determine the activity and efficiency of the right atrium and the patency (exposure) of the jugular vein by observing the movements of the vein's wall.