You searched for: “colon
The part of the large intestine that runs from the cecum to the rectum as a long hollow tube that serves to remove water from digested food and let the remaining material, solid waste called stool, move through it to the rectum and leave the body through the anus.

The colon measures about 5 feet (1.5 meters) in length. It goes up (the ascending colon) on the right side of the abdomen, across the abdomen (the transverse colon) beneath the stomach, and then down (the descending colon) on the left side of the abdomen and makes a sharp turn in the left lower portion (the sigmoid colon) to merge with the rectum.

The colon is sometimes inaccurately called the "large intestine" or "large bowel". It is only a part of the large intestine/bowel. The confusion may have arisen because the word colon came from kolon which to the ancient Greeks meant the "large intestine".

This entry is located in the following unit: colo-, col- (page 1)
(Latin: blind, blind gut [first part of the large intestine, forming a dilated pouch into which open the ileum, the colon, and the appendix vermiformis]; any blind pouch)
(Greek: kolo- > Latin: colo-, colon or large intestine [that part which extends from the cecum to the rectum])
(Latin: estate, farm, settlement)
(Greek: sigmoeides, shaped like the letter sigma; pertaining to the sigmoid flexure, the S-shaped bend in the colon; a combining form that usually denotes the sigmoid colon)
Word Entries containing the term: “colon
colon absorption
The normal absorption of water (important in the conservation of body fluids) and products of bacterial action; especially, in the ascending colon.

Some nutrients and drugs are absorbed by the lower bowel. In humans, cellulose is not digested or absorbed but passes from the body as unchanged residue.

This entry is located in the following unit: sorb-, sorpt- + (page 3)
irritable bowel syndrome, IBS; spastic colitis, mucus colitis, nervous colon syndrome
A common gastrointestinal disorder involving an abnormal condition of gut contractions (motility) characterized by abdominal pain, bloating, mucous in stools, and irregular bowel habits with alternating diarrhea and constipation, symptoms that tend to be chronic and to wax (increase) and wane (decrease) over the years.

Although IBS can cause chronic recurrent discomfort, it does not lead to any serious organ problems.

Making the diagnosis usually involves excluding other illnesses. Treatment is directed toward relief of symptoms and includes changes in diet (eating high fiber and avoiding caffeine, milk products and sweeteners), exercise, relaxation techniques, and medications.

This entry is located in the following unit: irrita- (page 1)
sacculation of the colon, haustra of the colon
The sacculations of the colon, caused by the teniae, or longitudinal bands, which are slightly shorter than the gut so that the latter is thrown into tucks or pouches.
This entry is located in the following unit: sacco-, sacc-, sacci- + (page 1)
sigmoid colon, clon sigmoideum
1. The S-shaped part of the colon which lies in the pelvis, extending from the pelvic brim to the third segment of the sacrum, and is continuous above with the descending (or iliac) colon and below with the rectum.
2. The part of the colon that turns medially at the left iliac crest, between the descending colon and the rectum; shaped like the letter "S".
This entry is located in the following units: sigma; Σ, σ, ς + (page 1) sigmoido-, sigmo- + (page 1)
Word Entries at Get Words: “colon
colon (s) (noun), colons (pl)
A punctuation mark :, which is used after a word introducing a quotation, an explanation, an example, or a series; and that is often presented after the salutation in a business letter; such as,
Dear Mr. Jones:
This entry is located in the following unit: Punctuation Marks with Symbols, Explanations, and Examples (page 1)
Colon :
The colon unit of punctuation marks.
This entry is located in the following unit: Index of Punctuation Marks (page 1)
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A unit at Get Words related to: “colon
(colons as punctuation marks)
Word Entries at Get Words containing the term: “colon
The Colon :

The colon by some is thought odd,
And no wonder:
Two periods make it,
One over,
One under.

The colon resemble the eyes of a beast:
A tiger,
A fox,
Or a tomcat at least —
Two eyes ever looking, two eyes open wide,
That belong to a creature that lies on its side.

Unable to point or to say, "over there,"
All the colon can do,
And it does it,
Is stare.
So here's a suggestion: go on, if you please,
To where it is looking, to see what it sees.

—This poem is compiled from On Your Marks, A Package of Punctuation
by Richard Armour; McGraw-Hill Book Company; New York; 1969; page 19.
This entry is located in the following unit: Colon : (page 1)