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artery (s) (noun)
, arteries (pl)
Large vessels which carry blood away from the heart to various parts of the body: The walls of the arteries
are thick and muscular, enabling them to endure high pressures when blood isbeing ejected from the heart.
Most of the arteries in the body are identified by the organs or system that they supply with blood; for example, arteries that deliver blood to the kidneys are known as the renal arteries, while the artery that supplies blood to the liver is called the hepatic artery.
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The arteries that branch from the forward surface of the abdominal aorta to supply the abdominal part of the gastrointestinal tract, as well as the liver, pancreas, and gallbladder.
The celiac artery supplies the front part of the intestine, the superior mesenteric artery supplies the middle intestine, and the inferior (lower) mesenteric artery supplies the back section of the intestine.
carotid artery, carotid arteries
1. The common carotid artery or either of its branches, the external and internal carotid arteries.
2. Specifically, the common carotid artery, the principal artery on either side of the neck.
Arteries in the hand and foot that supply the fingers and toes.
mental artery (s) (noun)
, mental arteries (pl)
A primary blood vessel that is a branch of the maxillary (upper jaw bone) which supplies blood and structure to the skin of the face and to the subcutaneous tissues of the chin: Dr. Abbington told Mack that it would be necessary to arrange for additional examinations to see what was wrong with his mental artery.