You searched for: “archeology
archaeology, archeology (s) (noun); archaeologies, archeologies (pl)
The scientific study and reconstruction of the human past through the systematic recovery of the physical remains of man's life and cultures.

Artifacts, structures, settlements, materials, and features of prehistoric or ancient peoples are surveyed and/or excavated to uncover history in times before written records.

Archaeology also supplements the study of recorded history. From the end of the 18th century onwards, archaeology has come to mean the branch of learning which studies the material remains of mankind's past. Its scope is, therefore, enormous, ranging from the first stone tools made and fashioned by man over three million years ago in Africa, to the garbage thrown into our trash cans and taken to city dumps and incinerators yesterday.

The objectives of archaeology are to construct cultural history by ordering and describing the events of the past, study cultural processes to explain the meaning of those events and what underlies and conditions human behavior, and reconstruct past lifeways.

Among the specialties in the field are: archaeobiology, archaeobotany, archaeozoology, and social archaeology. Modern archaeology, which is often considered a subdiscipline of anthropology, has become increasingly scientific and relies on a wide variety of experts; such as, biologists, geologists, physicists, sociologists, anthropologists, and historians.

The methods appropriate to different periods vary, leading to specialized branches of the subject, e.g. classical, medieval, industrial, etc. archaeology.

—Compilation of information gleaned from the
Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc.; William Benton, Publisher: Chicago;
1968, Vol. I, Pages 224-281.
Word Entries containing the term: “archeology
classical archaeology, classical archeology
A field within historical archaeology specializing in the study of Old World Greek and Roman civilizations, their antecedents, and their contemporaries.
public archaeology, public archeology
A branch of archeeology dealing with the impact of construction and development on archaeological sites and laws enacted to lessen the threat.

In the U.S., it has helped to create the industries of salvage archaeology or cultural resource management (in the U.K., it is called "rescue archaeology").

quantitative archaeology, quantitative archeology
Archaeological techniques dependent on counting, measuring, and the use of statistical methods and computers.
rescue archaeology, rescue archeology
The branch of archaeology devoted to studying artifacts and features on sites which are imminently threatened by development in the form of the construction of dams, buildings, highways, etc.

Threats to archaeological remains occur in the form of road-building, road improvement, new building of houses, offices, and industrial complexes, the flooding of valleys for reservoirs, and improved farming techniques involving the use of deep plowing.

The rescue, or salvage, archaeologist, is concerned with the retrieval of as much information as possible about the archaeological sites before they are damaged or destroyed. Frequently time is too short and funds are too limited for anything but a brief survey.

salvage archaeology, salvage archeology (s) (noun) (no plural)
A branch of ancient times that are devoted to studying artifacts and features on sites which are in danger of being damaged, or destroyed, by development in the form of the construction of dams, buildings, highways, etc.: "Salvage archaeology includes the location, recording (usually through excavation), and collection of archaeological data from a site in advance of highway construction, drainage projects, or urban development."

In the U.S., the first major program of salvage archaeology was undertaken during 1930, ahead of the construction and dam building done by the Tennessee Valley authority."

The rescue, or salvage, archaeologist, is concerned with the retrieval of as much information as possible about the archaeological sites before they are damaged or destroyed.

Word Entries at Get Words: “archeology
Archaeology, Archeology
Scientific research into earth's history via archeology.
This entry is located in the following unit: Index of Scientific and Technological Topics (page 1)
archeology
1. The branch of anthropology that studies past human behavior through the physical remains of the past.
2. The study of the human past through the recovery and analysis of material remains.

As people search for their origins, archeology provides insights into their shared heritage.

  • In the absence of written records, archeology provides a prime channel for the understanding of human societies and cultures.
  • Archeology can complement written or historical sources.
  • The recovery of the past has involved the removal of layers of earth to look back in time.
  • Archeology is more than digging Iron Age sites or uncovering Maya temples in the jungles of Central America, or studying rock art in Australia's Norther Territory.
  • Archeology involves teams of science-based archeologists who analyze bones, seeds, pottery, and metalwork.
  • Archeologists learn from anthropologists, who study living societies, since they can suggest social structures or economic patterns for societies that have not left behind written records.
  • Humans have probably been curious about the past for centuries because such interest can be traced as far back as the first civilizations of Mesopotamia and China, which left records of ancient remains.
  • From the 16th century onward, Europeans began studying ancient monuments and forming collections of antiquities where famous sites were visited, painted, and described for those at home.
—Compiled from excerpts presented in
Archaeology, The Definitive Guide; Consultant Editor, Paul Bahn;
Barnes & Noble Books; New York; 2003.

The great thing about archeology is that no matter what is found while digging, it is always doing ground-breaking research.

—Anonymous
This entry is located in the following unit: Archeology, Archaeology (page 1)
archeology, archeologist
1. Archeology is the study of ancient civilizations.
2. An archeologist is a scientist who excavates ancient cities.

Archeology is the study of the human past through the recovery and analysis of material remains. As people search for their origins, archeology provides insights into our shared heritage.

This entry is located in the following unit: arch- (page 1)
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A unit at Get Words related to: “archeology
(a glossary of archeological terms particularly related to the field of research that can tell us about our origins and our remote past)
Word Entries at Get Words containing the term: “archeology
Archeology Terms
Archaeology, the Definitive Guide by Paul G. Bahn; Barnes & Noble Books; New York; 2003.
This entry is located in the following unit: Bibliography or Lists of Glossary-Term Sources (page 1)
experimental archeology, or archaeology
The replication of ancient technologies in order to better understand ancient production processes and the use of specific artifacts.
This entry is located in the following unit: Archeology, Archaeology (page 3)