You searched for: “aphasia
amnesia, aphasia
amnesia (am NEE zhuh) (noun)
A loss of memory as a result of a shock, an injury, a psychological disturbance, or some kind of medical disorder: Because of the shock caused by a head injury, Victor's amnesia resulted in a total loss of memory regarding his past life.
aphasia (uh FAY zhuh) (noun)
One in a group of speech disorders in which there is a defect, or loss, of the power of expression and comprehension of spoken or written language or signs: Rhonda's brother suddenly had aphasia as a result of brain damage resulting from the automobile accident.

In addition to partial amnesia, the patient at the hospital suffered aphasia which impeded his recovery from the accident he suffered last year.

aphasia (s) (noun), aphasias (pl)
A defect or loss of expression by speech, writing, signs, or of comprehending spoken or written language, as a result of injury or disease of the brain centers: Dr. Thompson, the new doctor at the speech clinic, specialized in working with clients who were suffering from aphasia.

Both survivors of the industrial explosion suffered aphasia and were unable to communicate to others or even to understand what was being communicated to them.

This entry is located in the following units: a-, an- (page 15) -phasia, -phasic, -phasis, -phasy + (page 1)
Word Entries containing the term: “aphasia
acoustic aphasia (s) (noun), acoustic aphasias (pl)
Impairment in the understanding of auditory language and communication, including the inability to write from dictation in the presence of normal hearing: Acoustic aphasia consists of sounds that are heard but which convey no meaning; however, spontaneous speech, reading, and writing are supposedly not affected.
amnesic aphasia, nominal aphasia
An aphasia in which the principal deficit is difficulty in naming people and objects which they have seen, heard, or felt; due to lesions in various portions of the language area.
This entry is located in the following unit: -phasia, -phasic, -phasis, -phasy + (page 1)
anomic aphasia (s) (noun), anomic aphasias (pl)
The inability to name objects or to recognize written or spoken names of objects: Because of his stroke, the patient suffered anomic aphasia and was unable to recognize the printed or spoken words for names of people, places, or things.
This entry is located in the following units: a-, an- (page 13) -phasia, -phasic, -phasis, -phasy + (page 1)
associative aphasia, conduction aphasia
A form of aphasia in which the patient understands spoken and written words, is aware of his deficit, and can speak and write, but skips or repeats words, or substitutes one word for another (paraphasia).

Word repetition is severely impaired.

This entry is located in the following unit: -phasia, -phasic, -phasis, -phasy + (page 2)
ataxic aphasia, motor aphasia (s) (noun); ataxic aphasias, motor aphasias (pl)
A type of partial or total loss of language skills as a result of brain damage: Patrick had ataxic aphasia and could not speak well enough to be understood and even his writing was so unrecognizable that no one could determine what he was trying to communicate.
This entry is located in the following units: a-, an- (page 21) -phasia, -phasic, -phasis, -phasy + (page 2)
expressive aphasia
A type of aphasia in which there is a deficit in speech production or language output, often accompanied by a deficit in communicating by writing, signs, etc.
This entry is located in the following unit: -phasia, -phasic, -phasis, -phasy + (page 2)
fluent aphasia
1. Aphasia characterized by fluent but meaningless speech and severe impairment of the ability to understand spoken or written words.
2. A condition in which speech is well articulated (usually 200 or more words per minute) and grammatically correct, but which is lacking in content and meaning.
global aphasia, mixed aphasia, total aphasia
1. Total aphasia involving all the functions that go to make up speech and communication.
2. A condition in which all aspects of speech and communication are severely impaired.

At best, patients can understand or speak only a few words or phrases; however, they cannot read or write.

impressive aphasia
1. Aphasia that is characterized by fluent but meaningless speech and severe impairment of the ability to understand spoken or written words.
2. Aphasia in which there is impairment in the comprehension of spoken and written words, associated with effortless, articulated, but paraphrastic (expressing the same message in different words), speech and writing.

Malformed words, substitute words, and neologisms (newly invented words) are characteristic. When severe, and speech is incomprehensible, it is called "jargon aphasia".

The patient often appears unaware of his deficit.

This entry is located in the following unit: -phasia, -phasic, -phasis, -phasy + (page 3)
jargon aphasia
The utterances, or speaking, of meaningless phrases; either neologisms, or incoherently arranged known words.
This entry is located in the following unit: -phasia, -phasic, -phasis, -phasy + (page 3)
nonfluent aphasia
Aphasia in which expressions by speech, or writing, is severely impaired.
optic aphasia (s) (noun), optic aphasias (pl)
Loss of the ability to name an object clearly seen until it has been perceived through some other sense; such as hearing, touching, smelling, or tasting.
receptive aphasia, sensory aphasia
Aphasia in which there is impairment in the comprehension of spoken and written words, associated with effortless, articulated, but paraphrasic, speech and writing.

Malformed words, substitute words, and neologisms are characteristic.

When severe, and speech is incomprehensible, it is called "jargon aphasia". The patient often appears unaware of his/her deficit.

This entry is located in the following unit: -phasia, -phasic, -phasis, -phasy + (page 4)
transcortical aphasia
An aphasia in which the unaffected motor and sensory language areas are isolated from the rest of the hemispheric cortex.

This condition is subdivided into transcortical sensory and transcortical motor aphasias.

This entry is located in the following units: -phasia, -phasic, -phasis, -phasy + (page 4) trans-, tran-, tra- (page 8)
visual aphasia
A form of receptive aphasia in which there is an inability to understand written language.
Wernicke's aphasia
1. Aphasia characterized by fluent but meaningless speech and severe impairment of the ability to understand spoken or written words.
2. The loss of the ability to comprehend language coupled with the production of inappropriate language.
This entry is located in the following unit: -phasia, -phasic, -phasis, -phasy + (page 4)