2. Agriculture in which there is integrated management of trees or shrubs along with conventional crops or livestock.
3. In modern applications, it now refers to the deliberate growing of woody perennials on the same unit of land as agricultural crops or animals.
A new name for an old set of practices, involves the deliberate growing of woody perennials on the same unit of land as agricultural crops or animals, either in some form of special mixture or in temporal sequence.
There is a significant interaction (ecological and economical) between woody and nonwoody components of the system. Agroforesty systems are grouped as agrosilvicultural (crops and trees), silvopastoral (trees and pasture/animals), or agrosilvopastoral (crops, trees, and pasture/animals).