You searched for: “acid
acid
1. Sour, tart, sharp to the taste; of the taste of vinegar.
2. A sharp, bitter, or sarcastic quality in speech or writing.
3. A sour substance, in chemistry: A substance belonging to a class of which the commonest and most typical members are sour, and have the property of neutralizing alkalis, and of changing vegetable blues to red; all of which are compounds of hydrogen with another element or elements (oxygen being generally the third element), and in the decomposition of a compound substance are relatively electro-negative, and borne to the positive pole.
This entry is located in the following unit: acid-, acidi-, acido-, -acidity (page 1)
More possibly related word entries
A unit related to: “acid
(Greek: sharp, acute, pointed, keen; sour, acid, acidic, pungent)
(Latin: vinegar; sour, to be sour)
(Latin: sour [sharp])
(Greek: upper air, purer air [alcohol and sufuric acid]; in scientific terminology, "volatile, clean-smelling, euphoria-producing liquid composed of alcohol and sufuric acid")
Word Entries containing the term: “acid
acid rain (s) (noun), acidic rain, acidic precipitation; acid rains, acidic rains, acidic precipitations (pl)
1. Rain, or other precipitation that has an excessive concentration of sulfuric or nitric acids.
2. A popular term for the atmospheric deposition of acidified rain, snow, sleet, hail, acidifying gases and particles, as well as, acidified fog and cloud water.
3. Rain, snow, sleet or fog water having a pH less than 5.65.
4. The deposition of acidifying substances from the atmosphere during a precipitation event.
acid rigor
The coagulation of muscle protein which occurs in acid conditions.
This entry is located in the following unit: rigi-, rig- (page 1)
acid test
A decisive test that establishes the worth or credibility of something (from the use of nitric acid to test gold).
This entry is located in the following units: acid-, acidi-, acido-, -acidity (page 1) testa-, test- (page 1)
acid-base balance (s) (noun), acid-base balances (pl)
The mechanisms which the body uses to keep its fluids close to neutral pH (that is, neither basic nor acidic) so the body can function as it should in a normal way.
This entry is located in the following unit: libra-, liber-, libri- (page 1)
agaric acid, agaricic acid, agaricin, larcic acid
A white, tasteless, odorless powder extracted from the fungus Polyporus officinalis.

It has been used to treat diarrhea, reduce bronchial secretions, and reduce night sweats.

This entry is located in the following unit: agari- + (page 1)
alginic acid
An acid that is extracted from marine algae and used as a binder in pharmaceutical tablets and as a thickening and emulsifying agent in a number of food products.
This entry is located in the following units: acid-, acidi-, acido-, -acidity (page 3) alg- (page 1) -ic (page 10)
arachidonic acid
1. In biochemistry, an unsaturated acid, obtained from lecithin; a fatty acid essential for growth of mammals, but which can be synthesized from linoleic acid; from Arachis, a generic name for the peanut.
2. Arachidonic acid is found only in animal fats, as in egg yolk and liver.
3. Coined from the modern Latin stem arachid-, "peanut" (from Greek arakhos, "a type of leguminous plant").
This entry is located in the following units: acid-, acidi-, acido-, -acidity (page 4) aracho-, arachi-, arachid-, araki- (page 1)
butyric acid
1. An acid of unpleasant odor occurring in butter, cod liver oil, sweat, and many other substances.
2, A fatty acid derived from butter but rare in most fats.

It is a viscid liquid with a rancid odor; and is used in disinfectants, emulsifying agents, and pharmaceuticals.

This entry is located in the following units: acid-, acidi-, acido-, -acidity (page 4) butyro-, butyr- + (page 1)
electrolyte acid, battery acid
Dilute sulfuric acid used in storage batteries.
electrolyte and acid/base balance
A nursing outcome from the Nursing Outcomes Classification, NOC, defined as a balance of electrolytes and non-electrolytes in the intracellular and extracellular compartments of the body.
epsilon-aminocaproic acid
A synthetic substance used to correct an overdose of certain fibrinolytic agents (causing the dissolution of fibrin or blood-clotting by enzymatic action or a chemical that is produced by living cells which is a biochemical catalyst).

It is also useful in treating excessive bleeding due to increased fibrinolytic activity in the blood.

This entry is located in the following unit: epsilon; Ε, ε + (page 1)
formic acid, methanoic acid
A colorless corrosive liquid compound with a penetrating odor, found in the bodies of ants and spiders, in the hairs and other parts of certain caterpillars, and in stinging nettles.

This substance as it occurs in living organisms produces the stinging sensation that results from the bite of red ants and is also found in spiders, in pine needles, as well as in stinging nettles.

Formic acid is made commercially by the reaction of carbon monoxide with sodium hydroxide and is used in dyeing and finishing textiles, treating leather, and producing fumigants, insecticides, and refrigerants.

Going back to the Latin word for "ant", it was first obtained in 1670 from the distillation of ants.

This entry is located in the following unit: formic-, form-, -formic (page 1)
fucinic acid
An acid found in the cell walls of some large species of brown algae.
This entry is located in the following unit: fuci-, fuc- (page 1)
linoleic acid
A colorless liquid, essential to human nutrition, found in linseed and other natural oils and used in making soaps, emulsifiers, and quick-drying oils.
This entry is located in the following units: acid-, acidi-, acido-, -acidity (page 4) oleo-, ole-, -oleic, ol- (page 1)
melissic acid
A long-chain fatty acid, found in beeswax.
molybdic acid
Any of various acids derived from molybdenum; especially, white or yellowish crystals.

Commercial molybdic acid is a solution of ammonium molybdate or molybdenum trioxide.

This entry is located in the following unit: molybd- + (page 1)
oleic acid
A colorless oily liquid found in almost all animal and vegetable fats. An unsaturated fatty acid, it is used to make soap, ointments, cosmetics, and lubricating oils.
This entry is located in the following units: acid-, acidi-, acido-, -acidity (page 5) oleo-, ole-, -oleic, ol- (page 1)
omega-6 fatty acid
An unsaturated fatty acid in which the double bond closed to the omega (methyl) end of the molecule occurs at the six carbon from ha end.

Major sources are vegetable and seed oils.

This entry is located in the following unit: omega; Ω, ω + (page 1)
omega-9 fatty acid
A polyunsaturated fatty acid found in animal and vegetable fats.
This entry is located in the following unit: omega; Ω, ω + (page 1)
oxalic acid
A strong dicarboxylic acid found in foods such as spinach and rhubarb or produced in the body by metabolism of glyoxylic acid or ascorbic acid; it is not metabolized but excreted in the urine.

Ingestion of a diet rich in oxalates or a genetic disorder of glycine metabolism (primary hyperoxaluria) may lead to the formation of oxalate calculi in the urinary tract.

This entry is located in the following unit: oxal-, ox- + (page 1)
oxaluric acid
The amide (organic compound derived from ammonia) of oxalic acid and urea, which occurs in urine.
This entry is located in the following unit: oxal-, ox- + (page 1)
proton pump inhibitor, proton-pump inhibitor, PPI, gastric acid pump inhibitor
1. A drug that limits acid secretion in the stomach.
2. Any of a group of drugs that inhibit the activity of proton pumps and are used to restrain gastric acid secretion in the treatment of ulcers and gastroesophageal reflux disease.
3. Any of a group of drugs used to treat excessive secretion of acid in the stomach and any resulting ulcers.

They block the enzyme (proton pump) in the cells of the gastric glands that secrete hydrochloric acid.

This entry is located in the following units: habit-, hab-, -hibit; habili-, habil- (page 5) proto-, prot- + (page 4)
pseudo-acid
A compound that is not itself an acid but which exists in equilibrium with, or is easily converted into, an acidic form and thus undergoes some typical reactions of acids.
This entry is located in the following units: acid-, acidi-, acido-, -acidity (page 5) pseudo-, pseud- (page 2)
pyro-acid
An acid formed from another acid by dry or destructive distillation.
This entry is located in the following unit: acid-, acidi-, acido-, -acidity (page 5)
pyrosis, acid reflux
1. A technical medical term for what is popularly called "heartburn", a burning sensation in the upper abdomen.
2. An uncomfortable burning sensation in the lower chest, usually caused by stomach acid flowing back into the lower end of the esophagus.
3. A burning sensation, usually centered in the middle of the chest near the sternum, caused by the reflux of acidic stomach fluids that enter the lower end of the esophagus.
This entry is located in the following units: fluct-, flucti-, -flux, flu-, flum-, -fluent, -fluence (page 8) pyro-, pyr- (page 5)
racemic acid
1. A form of tartaric acid from grape juice that does not deflect or absorb any of the light passing through it.
2. An optically inactive form of tartaric acid which can be separated into dextrorotatory and levorotatory components and is sometimes found in grape juice during the making of wine.
This entry is located in the following unit: racem- + (page 1)
sarcolactic acid
1. A form of lactic acid produced by muscle tissue during anaerobic activity.
2. An isomeric form of lactic acid produced by muscle tissue during the anaerobic metabolism of glucose.
semi-acid
Half acid.
This entry is located in the following units: acid-, acidi-, acido-, -acidity (page 5) semi- (page 1)
sialic acid
1. Any of a group of amino carbohydrates that are components of mucoproteins and glycoproteins, especially in animal tissue and blood cells.
2. Any of a group of reducing amido acids that are essentially carbohydrates and are found especially as components of blood glycoproteins and mucoproteins
This entry is located in the following units: acid-, acidi-, acido-, -acidity (page 5) sialo-, sial- + (page 2)
uric acid infarct
An infarct in the kidney caused by an obstruction of the renal tubules by uric acid crystals.
This entry is located in the following unit: farc-, fars- (page 3)
Word Entries at Get Words containing the term: “acid
acid mine drainage
A reference to water pollution that results when sulfur-bearing minerals associated with coal are exposed to air and water and form sulfuric acid and ferrous sulfate.

The ferrous sulfate can further react to form ferric hydroxide, or "yellowboy", a yellow-orange iron precipitate found in streams and rivers polluted by acid mine drainage.

This entry is located in the following unit: Energy Sources and Related Information + (page 1)
acid rain
Also known as "acid precipitation" or "acid deposition", acid rain is precipitation containing harmful amounts of nitric and sulfuric acids formed primarily by sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides released into the atmosphere when fossil fuels are burned.

It can be wet precipitation (rain, snow, or fog) or dry precipitation (absorbed gaseous and particulate matter, aerosol particles or dust).

Acid rain has a pH below 5.6. Normal rain has a pH of about 5.6, which is slightly acidic. The term pH is a measure of acidity or alkalinity and ranges from 0 to 14.

A pH measurement of 7 is regarded as neutral. Measurements below 7 indicate increased acidity, while those above indicate increased alkalinity.

This entry is located in the following unit: Energy Sources and Related Information + (page 1)
acid rain
Wet acid deposition or the falling of rain (or snow) rich in sulfur and nitrogen oxides.
This entry is located in the following unit: Biology Terms + (page 1)
amino acid
One of about twenty compounds comprising both a basic amino group and an acidic carboxyl group (organic compound with acidic properties), which combine in their hundreds to form proteins.
This entry is located in the following unit: Insects, General Applicable Terms (page 1)
lead-acid battery, lead acid battery
A general category that includes batteries with plates made of pure lead, lead-antimony, or lead-calcium immersed in an acid electrolyte.
This entry is located in the following unit: Photovoltaic Conversion Efficiency Terms + (page 12)